John A. Cairns
FRCPC Medicine and Cardiology (McGill)
The common theme through most of my research career has been the search for various therapies to improve the outcomes of patients who have entered an unstable and high risk phase of their coronary artery disease, and the use of clot-preventing drugs to reduce the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.
antithrombotic therapies for acute ischemic syndromes and for atrial fibrillation; post-myocardial infarction arrhythmias; rmyocardial infarction size measurement and modification.
My earlier research was focused on the measurement and modification of the amount of heart damage resulting from a heart attack (myocardial infarction), including large studies of "clot busting drugs" (streptokinase and tPA). The less the damage from a heart attack, the better the survival and function of the patient. I have studied aspirin for the prevention of heart attack and death in patients with unstable angina. Aspirin has had an enormous positive impact and has been standard therapy for this condition since our Canadian study in the mid 1980's. Working with colleagues, I investigated the use of warfarin for preventing stroke in atrial fibrillation and assessment of the risk factors for stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. My present work is primarily as a senior colleague in studies of the best route for vascular access in patients undergoing angioplasty for acute coronary syndrome, acute clot removal in patients with a heart attack (coronary thrombectomy), strategies for improving outcomes for patients found to have multivessel coronary artery disease at the time of a heart attack, and improvement of outcomes following coronary bypass surgery using a new antiplatelet drug.
Paikin J, Eikelboom J, Cairns JA, Hirsh J. New platelet ADP receptor antagonists and new oral anticoagulants. Nat Rev Cardio advance online publication 29 June, 2010.
Cairns JA, Yusuf S, Cook RJ, Cox J, Dagenais GR, Devereux PJ, McAllister FA, McCready T, CANNeCTIN: A national network for Canadian-led trials in cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Can J Cardiol. 2010;26: 353-58.Cairns JA, Connolly SJ, McMurtry S, Stepenson M, Talajic M and the CCS Guidelines Committee. CCS Atrial Fibrillation Guidelines 2010. Prevention of stroke and systemic thromboembolism in atrial fibrillation and flutter. Can J Cardiol. 2011; 27:74-90..
Jolly SS, Niemelä K, Xavier D, Widimsky P, Budaj A, Valentin V, Lewis BS, Avezum A, Steg PG, Rao SV, Cairns JA, Chrolavicius S, Yusuf S, Mehta SR, on behalf of the RIVAL steering committee. Design and rationale of the RIVAL trial: A randomized comparison of RadIal Vs. femoral access for coronary angiography or intervention in patients with Acute Coronary Syndromes. Am Heart J. 2011; 161(2):254-260.
Jolly SS, Yusuf Y, Cairns JA, et al. Radial versus femoral access for coronary angiography and intervention in patients with acute coronary syndromes (RIVAL): a randomised, parallel group, multicentre trial. Lancet 2011:377:1409-20.
Thabane L, Wells G, Cook R, Platt R, Pogue J, Pullenayegum E, Matthews D, McCready T, Devereaux PJ, Cairns JA, Yusuf S on behalf of the CANNeCTIN Investigators. Canadian-led Capacity-building in Biostatistics and Methodology in Cardiovascular and Diabetes Trials: The CANNeCTIN Biostatistics and Methodological Innovation Working Group. Trials. 2011;12:48-55.
Cairns JA. CHA2DS2-VASc had better discrimination than CHADS2 for predicting risk for thromboembolism in atrial fibrillation. ACP Journal Club 2011;154 (5):13.
Hamber Scholarship (Highest standing Medicine I-IV) 1968
Hamber Gold Medal (Highest standing Medicine IV) 1968
Wallace Wilson Award, UBC Medical Alumni Association 1996
Canadian Cardiovascular Society, Distinguished Service Award 1999
UBC Faculty of Medicine, Golden Jubilee Medal 2000
International Society of Cardiovascular Research, Member 2003-
Canadian Academy of Health Sciences, Fellow 2005-
Canadian Society for Clinical Investigation, Distinguished Service Award, 2007
Canadian Association of Professors of Medicine, Ronald Christie Award, 2007
UBC Faculty of Medicine Distinguished Achievement Award (Outstanding Contributions by a Senior Faculty Member 2007
Vancouver Coastal Health, Special Service Award, 2010